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Bathroom Plumbing Basics

small rest  room with standing shower and toilet

What plumbing is needed for a bathroom?

There is more to bathroom plumbing than the things you use every day. The sink, shower, tub, and their faucets, and the toilet. A lot is going on behind the walls, under the house, and up in the attic. To know when something isn’t right in the bathroom and How to get bathroom plumbing fixed, it helps to have some understanding about basic bathroom plumbing.  

How do you install bathroom plumbing?

If you know the bathroom plumbing basics and you’re handy with the tools, you don’t need a professional plumber to set up your bathroom plumbing. Not sure where to start? We offer the following eight steps are generalized instructions for installing bathroom plumbing: 

  1.  Establish Where the Fixtures Go: You can set pieces of cardboard or paper where you want the shower, sink, toilet, and tub. This will help you determine what plumbing lines are needed and where they need to be installed. 
  2. Cut the Openings: Mark the outpoints and drill points then carefully cut them out. 
  3. Shut off the Water Off: Turn all water valves off to the bathroom. 
  4. Run the Cold and Hot Water Lines: You will have five water lines to install cold water to toilet and cold and hot water to sink, shower, and tub. You need to install these lines under the flooring and up to the fixture through the walls. Many people today are using PEX pipes for bathroom plumbing. Older homes have copper, newer homes have PVC. We recommend PEX for its flexibility and durability. Once you have the water lines installed, connect them to the main water line.
  5. Install and Attach Drain Lines: The sink drain line should be 1-1/2 inch, the toilet will be a 3” to 4” line, and the tub will need a 2” line. The toilet drain must aim downward to the main drain. 
  6. Install the Toilet: You’ll need to use a wax seal to attach the toilet’s flat rim to the floor over the waste pipe, making sure the slot and bolt slots are lined up on the toile with the water pipes. Once you have the toilet in place, fasten it down to the floor bolts and the washers then attach the tank to the bowl, the water line to the tank, and caulk around the bowl base for security. 
  7. The Sink Install: Place the sink base into position and drill holes where it attaches to the floor, then attach it with bolt and nut. Attach the cold and hot water lines. Now install the faucet, handles, stopper, and the drain to the sink and position the sink on the base, securing with adhesive and tighten the drainpipe.
  8. Install the Tub and Connect the Shower Unit: Determine where the drain should be, then run the line, making sure it is in alignment. Next, secure the drain line with the adhesive to the tub and position the tub.      

What is good bathroom plumbing?

A new bathroom or a bathroom renovation is an easy task. There are costs0, materials, time, and tools involved that you don’t realize until you’ve started the project. It can become complex, but with determination, it can be accomplished. What type of pipe to use are always a big question when it comes to bathroom plumbing. Here is a basic guideline of the choices out there: 

PEX Bathroom Plumbing Pipe

A flexible pipe made from cross-linked polyethylene. They are rodent resistant, freeze resistant. These are becoming the norm in bathroom plumbing. 

Plastic Bathroom Plumbing Pipe

Inexpensive and lightweight, easy to use, plastic pipe is common in most residential bathroom plumbing. PVC is the most common, other plastics are ABS, PE, and CPVC forms.  Your local building codes may prohibit some, make sure before you buy! The ABS or PVC piping is typically for drain-waste-vent while the CPVC pipe with a PW is rated for plumbing fixtures and water supply lines.

Copper Bathroom Plumbing Pipe

For water supply, this is the best piping to use because it come in a flexible or rigid form. If it will be exposed, there are color choices available today. There are three thicknesses, and again local building codes could dictate which one you need: 

  • Type M – inexpensive and thin
  • Type L –  easy to solder and strong
  • Type K – the thickest copper pipe and recommended for underground water lines

The flexible copper bathroom plumbing pipe comes in two different thickness: L and K with the L being used primarily for gas lines.

Galvanized Iron Bathroom Plumbing Pipe

This was used in older homes and while it is strong, it does corrode, requires repairing and replacing. It is hard to cut and most professional plumbers will recommend repiping with another type of plumbing. 

Cast Iron Bathroom Plumbing Pipe

New bathroom plumbing won’t have cast iron piping because of its difficulty in cutting and fitting.  

What does bathroom plumbing look like?

If you’re building a bathroom, the position and shape are yours to design as you see fit. If you’re remodeling an existing bathroom, what you may have pictured in your mind may not be what is going to work. 

Perhaps you have plans for a big jacuzzi bath to be pictured under a window. If the existing drain and water lines won’t accommodate that, you have two choices: Move the drains and pipes, which could cost you a pretty penny, or redesign your plan. Before you buy that dream tub and the fixtures to go with it, you need to discuss the plans with your contractor or plumber first. 

vanity and toilet in restroom

How does bathroom plumbing work?

The bathroom plumbing must handle water delivery into the bathroom and the waste removal going out of the bathroom from various fixtures. It must efficient, leak-free, and organized, which brings us the two bathroom plumbing system: 

  • Water Supply  
  • Drain-Waste-Vent

As the name suggests, the water supply bathroom plumbing delivers cold and hot water to the shower, sinks, toilet, and tub. The incoming water supply originate at the municipal supply through a meter and the comes into the house at the water heater. 

At the water heater, there are two lines where the water separates to cold and hot and goes to the appropriate faucet in the bathroom.  The drain-waste-vent system is where the wastewater from shower, sink, toilet, and tub empties into the municipal sewer or a private septic system. 

At the shower, sinks, toilet, and tub, there are bathroom plumbing vent pipes that lets the exhaust of sewer gases out through the roof. This provides the drains air pressure so the waste can flow out freely.

Can a toilet and shower share the same drain?

They cannot, do not, nor should not share the same drain. The two drains are separate drains and join together after the wastewater has left the house and join the main sewer line, then on to the wastewater treatment plant.

Are kitchen and bathroom pipes connected?

The kitchen plumbing is separate from the bathroom plumbing.  Just like the shower and toilet plumbing eventually, come together after leaving the house and join at the main sewer line, so does the bathroom plumbing and kitchen plumbing. 

Because the bathroom plumbing is used every day, all day by everyone in your household, it is our recommendation to have either a professional plumber do the work or provide consultant services. This isn’t an area that you want to pipe the wrong thing into a pipe and have wastewater backflowing into the tub or worse, the kitchen! This is why it is so important to have an expert plumber on your side. Call Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services today at (570) 903-3199 for your bathroom plumbing installation in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA.

Kitchen Plumbing Basics

Beautiful kitchen room with green island and farmhouse sink.

Learn More About Kitchen Plumbing

There are many aspects and components to your kitchen plumbing with each property featuring unique layouts, features, and fixtures. In order to best get your kitchen plumbing situated from repairs to leak detection, it’s best to rely on the expertise of a professional plumbing company. Find out some general background information concerning kitchen plumbing here and speak to a certified plumber for help with any future services. Have your kitchen plumbing updated and in pristine conditions today.

How much does it cost to rearrange a kitchen?

Remodeling a kitchen can range a few hundred dollars for small scale remodels and anywhere from a couple of hundreds of dollars to thousands of dollars on larger scale remodels. Keep in mind the materials you go with, changing the layout of the room, the area of the kitchen plumbing as well as other details will play a huge role in cost variations.

How hard is it to move kitchen plumbing?

Like with any remodeling job moving kitchen plumbing can prove to be difficult if a house rests on a slab foundation. That’s because in order to have drains with a pitch lower than the fixture it will require the use of jackhammering or cutting through the slab. The good news is that in general water pipes can be rerouted through ceilings and walls as is especially with the case of having flexible PEX pipes.

How high should kitchen sink drain be from floor?

The kitchen sink drain should be about 8 inches deep as is the standard with kitchen plumbing. This means that the normal distance between the kitchen sink drain and the floor will be 28 inches. However, with accessibility concerns, you can make the necessary accommodations that will follow with ADA requirements and your needs.

Plumber tools on the kitchen. Plumbing and renovation background.

Kitchen Plumbing Areas

  • Kitchen Sink Drain
  • Garbage Disposal
  • P-Trap
  • Faucets

What are the pipes under the kitchen sink called?

The pipe underneath a kitchen sink with kitchen plumbing is called a sink trap and is J-shaped. It’s designed specifically to trap any noxious sewer gases before they enter a home. The most common type of trap is often called a P-trap due to the shape of it looking like a P that has fallen face down.

Does a kitchen sink need a vent?

Essentially all drains, not just with your kitchen plumbing, will require a vent as it allows for atmospheric pressures in the drains which prevent air locking from happening. Drains, where venting should be required for your reference, are kitchen sinks, laundry, shower, floor drains, and more. 

What is a kitchen air gap?

A kitchen air gap with kitchen plumbing refers to the fixture that provides back-flow prevention with an installed dishwasher system. If the kitchen air gap is installed and maintained well it will prevent the drain water from the sink backing up into the dishwasher and contaminating dishes inside.

What does it mean when your kitchen sink gurgles?

If you find that your kitchen plumbing with your sink is making gurgling noises it may be that there is food that’s lodged somewhere in the piping system. If food has been trapped with the disposal than it may have created a partial clog that traps air. As water washes down air is released and makes bubbles travel up through the water which thereby produces the suspected gurgling phenomena.

Why is my sink leaking underneath?

There can be many reasons as to why your sink with your kitchen plumbing is leaking. A common thing to watch out for with a leak is seeing water puddling at the top of the sink whenever the faucet is turned on. Another thing that can occur is having a faucet leak underneath the sink which can only be spotted under the counter. In most situations, faucet leaks are caused due to worn out gaskets and failed washers.

How do plumbers find water leaks in walls?

Plumbers are able to find water leaks inside walls with the help of state-of-the-art equipment. A water meter can be pointed at various areas of the wall until a leak is spotted, the meter will have the highest reading in this area. This will indicate the location that’s nearest to the leak. Certain leak detection devices may be available to buy or rent at certain hardware stores. Consider getting an inspection done by a professional so that repairs can be made following pinpointing the leak.

Get Assistance With Your Kitchen Plumbing With a Professional Plumbing Company

No matter what your needs are with your kitchen plumbing getting set up with professional services will ensure that high-quality work is being completed. There are many aspects to kitchen plumbing from fixture installation, repairs, replacements, remodeling, and more. In order to properly use the right materials and keep with your kitchen’s layout, it’s best to rely on a qualified plumbing company. Have your kitchen plumbing taken care of by experts today and schedule an appointment for services soon.

If you require services with your kitchen plumbing in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA call (570) 903-3199 with Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services!

Can a Clogged Shower Cause a Leak?

Hair Clogs a Shower Drain.

Can a clogged shower cause a leak?

If water is taking its time draining down your shower, you probably have a clog. It might seem that a clogged shower drain is just a minor inconvenience. But, clogs in your shower or any other drain can prove more than just an inconvenience. A clog can lead to serious problems, including leaks. If a clog causes the pipe’s internal pressure to increase, water has to find another way out of the pipe. This means it can leak through loose seals or threads or other connections. With a serious blockage, your pipes could be at risk of bursting. Leaks can also occur as water settles in the pipes which can lead the pipes to corrode. Moreover, sewer lines often get blocked by tree roots and that will lead to leaks. Whether you have a clogged shower drain or another clog, and need a professional drain service in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA, all you need to do is call Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services at (570) 903-3199.

What do plumbers use to unclog drains?

Plumbers have a variety of tools they use to unclog drains, whether clogged shower drains or any other drain in your home. Probably the most familiar is the drain snake or auger. Plumbers actually have two types of drain snakes they can use, manual or motorized. The manual snakes are normally used to clear out simple clogs. The snakes break up the debris so it can drain through the sewer system. Motorized snakes are used on thicker blockages, but operate similarly to manual devices.

Another effective tool is a hydro-jetter. These devices send jets of water at high pressures down drains to clear out the clog. The hydro-jetter is really useful for clogs deep in sewer lines that augers just can’t reach or don’t have the power to clear. This is a very thorough process that can get your drain working like new.

Shower drain clogged after snaking

It’s a good idea to have a manual auger on hand to clear simple clogs, but sometimes the drain snake doesn’t work. If you snake a clogged shower drain, for instance, and it turns out water is still taking time to drain out, several possibilities could be the cause. Your auger might not be long enough to reach the clog or it might not be the right type of auger. There are augers, for instance, specifically designed for shower and kitchen drains, as well as for toilet drains. Make sure you’re using the right auger for the job. Even professionals encounter some blockages that are too big for a manual snaking. That’s when they resort to motorized snakes or even hydro-jetting equipment. If a clog is really serious, you probably should call in a professional to get it unclogged.

Can you plunge a clogged shower drain?

You don’t necessarily need your own auger to clean a clogged shower drain. A basic household plunger can be the perfect tool to unclog your shower drain. Before you plunge the shower, you will need to remove the overflow plate, and for the most effective plunge, stop up the overflow opening with a wet rag. Also, fill the shower up to the bottom of the plunger and then begin plunging forcefully up and down. You should be able to clear the clog after about six plunges. Run some water afterward to see if it drains quickly. You may need to plunge a few times, but after a few tries, if the drain isn’t draining quickly, you may want to call a professional.

How do you unclog a shower drain naturally?

While there are many drain cleaners on the market today, plumbing professionals often recommend you use them in a limited capacity or not at all because overuse can cause the pipes to corrode in time. There are some ways you can clear simple clogs without harming your pipes. 

  • If the clog is visible, and you can reach it, put some rubber gloves on and remove it with your fingers or a wire hanger.
  • Use a plunger.
  • Use a manual plumbing snake or auger. 
  • Pour about 1 cup of baking soda down the drain. Follow that with about 1 cup of vinegar. Let the mixture bubble for a few minutes, then pour a kettle or pan of hot water down the drain, and let it sit for a couple of hours. Repeat the process if the drain doesn’t flow freely.
  • Try a wet/dry shop vacuum.

How do you dissolve hair in a drain?

Hair is one of the most common causes of clogs, especially clogged shower drains. It sticks to the pipes and accumulates in the drain, along with soap scum and other debris. Clogged drains can sometimes be cleared, though, with a mixture of baking soda and vinegar, which will dissolve the hair. Let the baking soda and vinegar mixture foam and bubble a few minutes before pouring in hot—but not boiling—water.

Can Coke unclog a drain?

Coke or similar colas can actually be used on a clogged shower drain or other drains. All you need to do is pour a 2-liter of cola down the drain, let it sit for an hour or so before rinsing the drain with hot water. The acidity of the soda makes for an effective pipe cleaner, although you have to rinse it out to prevent a sticky film of syrup and sugar from building up.

How do you unclog a severely clogged drain?

A severely clogged drain may outlast natural solutions like baking soda and vinegar and might be too tough for a plunger or even a manual drain auger. It’s usually best to let a professional handle a severely clogged drain. Professionals can use motorized augers or even hydro-jetters to get at the toughest clogs. The most important thing to do is to get the clog cleared quickly to avoid leaks.

Someone Wearing Rubber Gloves Removes Hair Clogging  a Drain.

How to prevent clogged shower drain

Hair tends to cause as many clogs as any other thing, and if you want to prevent getting a clogged shower drain, you can place a drain cover over the drain to catch the hair while the water drains. You can also leave the hot water running for a few seconds after finishing your shower to keep the pipes flushed. And while body and bath oils may help your skin stay fresh and healthy, avoid rinsing them off in the shower, as residues from these oils build up and clog the pipes. Of course, if you do have a clogged shower drain in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA, the professionals at Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services can quickly and effectively get the clog cleared. All you need to do is book a service appointment by calling (570) 903-3199.

What is Considered a Plumbing Emergency?

A Plumber Repairs a Burst Pipe.

What is considered a plumbing emergency?

Anytime you have a plumbing problem, you want to get it taken care of as soon as possible. While getting repairs done quickly will save you from further problems, not every plumbing problem will require an emergency plumbing repair. In fact, many issues can wait until regular business hours, and you won’t have to pay additional fees for after hours calls. Some reasons you would want to call a plumber for an emergency include:

  • A risk of flooding: If a burst pipe, sewer back-up or failed sump pump might cause flooding and damage to your home, emergency repair is required.
  • A sewer back-up: Anytime you have sewage backing up into your home, you’ll want to get a professional out as soon as possible, not only to prevent further damage, but also because it is a health hazard.
  • No access to running water: If the problem is going to cause you to be without running water for any extended period of time, you’ll need emergency care. Not having running water for a long time can be as serious as a sewage backup.
  • A risk of pipe bursting: If your pipes freeze or some other issue like a serious clog causes your pipes to burst, you’ll need emergency repairs. Burst pipes risk flooding damage.

If you’ve had a pipe burst or have a sewage back-up or similar problem and need 24 hour emergency plumbing repair in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA, you can always trust the professionals at Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services for fast, effective repairs. We’ll respond promptly to your emergency. All you need to do is call (570) 903-3199.

Is a leak considered an emergency?

Plumbing leaks can be frustrating, but even with a leak, you might not need an emergency plumbing repair. Much of this will depend on where the leak is and the severity. While you want to get a dripping pipe under your sink repaired as soon as possible, it’s usually a repair that can wait a few hours. But, if that leak is causing flooding in your home, an emergency repair will be needed. Similarly, a burst pipe will need to be repaired quickly. Any leak you have that risks flooding will need to be repaired on an emergency basis.

How long do emergency plumbers take?

When they go on an emergency plumbing repair call, plumbers try to respond promptly to the call. Depending on your location, plumbers will try to get to you within half an hour to an hour of your call. In an emergency, they know that time is valuable, especially when flooding or sewage back-up is involved. The repairs themselves could take anywhere from a few minutes to several hours, depending of course, on the severity of the damage. 

Do plumbers work 24 hours?

Some plumbers work 24 hours, while others do not. This depends on the individual plumber and who they are working for. The team at Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services provides 24/7 emergency plumbing repair for your convenience, so you never have to worry about getting help whenever it’s needed.

What are the most common plumbing problems?

Whether called out for emergency plumbing repair or making a regular service call, plumbers tend to go on many common calls. Among the most common calls we go on include:

  • Dripping faucets
  • Slow drains, especially in sinks
  • Clogged drains, especially for baths or showers
  • Clogged toilets
  • A constantly running toilet
  • A malfunctioning water heater
  • A clogged or jammed water heater
  • Leaking pipes
  • Backed-up sewer system

Of these, problems like a backed-up sewer, a burst water heater, or leaks that could cause flooding usually require emergency repair. Emergency or not, never hesitate to call a plumber to get repairs. Even if it isn’t an emergency, you want to get plumbing problems taken care of as soon as possible.

Emergency plumbing repair kit

Even though plumbers make every effort to get you promptly when there is an emergency, there are some items you can keep on hand to make temporary repairs while you’re waiting for someone to arrive. Temporary repairs can often stem major damage. Some of the items you want to have handy include:

  • Emergency plumbing repair tape or Teflon tape: This along with plumber’s putty can help you seal minor leaks in pipes. The tape is used around metal connections, while the putty can be used to seal the space between the faucet and sink.
  • A hand auger or plumbing snake: May be used to unclog drains, and is safer and more effective than an off-the-shelf liquid drain cleaner.
  • A plunger: This is usually the first tool used in the line of defense against clogs. Two plungers is even better, one to use for clogged toilets, the other to use in sinks and tubs.
  • Various wrenches: Plumber’s wrenches, adjustable wrenches, and basin wrenches are all useful for tightening and loosening nuts and bolts as well as threaded pipes.
  • Tongue-and-groove or Channellock pliers: Used to loosen or tighten fittings.
  • A hacksaw: You can make simple repairs to pipes by cutting away broken pipe with a hacksaw and replacing with new piping.
A Plumber Repairs a Leaking Pipe.

Emergency plumbing repair near me

For 24/7 emergency plumbing repair in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA you can always count on a fast response from Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services. We offer a full range of plumbing repairs and can help you at any time of the day. You can reach us quickly by calling (570) 903-3199.

What is the purpose of water filtration?

water filtration system and a glass of water

What is the process of water filtration?

As a whole, water filtration systems are the method of reducing or removing concentrated amounts of particulate matter. That matter is comprised of algae, bacteria, fungi, parasites, suspended particles, and viruses, and other undesirable biological and chemicals from contaminated water.

Water filtration and purification’s intended purpose are to produce water that is safe and clean water for reasons like human uses such as drinking, medical, and pharmaceutical purposes. All human consumption of water runs through a water filtration process by the local water department or a water co-op. Sometimes, the water is hard and not as clean tasting as preferred. Many households will install a water filtration system in their home.

They would present a water filtration explanation as a filter or a filtrate that any fluid passes through. That filter or filtrate could be any medium that allows the fluid to flow through while it traps any solid particles. 

Filtration is usually an imperfect process as some fluid remains on the feed side of the filter are embedded into the media, allowing some small solid particulates through. As a technique within the chemistry and engineering realm, no matter what the intended collection is, there will be some lost product.

Some examples of filtration in everyday life would be:

  • Brewed coffee is the process of hot water passing through the coffee grounds and a filter. Brewed tea would be another example of this form.
  • Our kidneys are a biological filter that filters blood by the glomerulus so that our blood can reabsorb the molecules that are essential to our health.
  • The air filter in your HVAC system and your vacuum cleaner may use a HEPA filter to remove dust and pollen.
  • Many aquariums use filters that contain fibers to capture particulates.

What are the methods of filtration?

We all want our drinking water to be clean, clear, and great tasting and our local municipalities or water co-ops try to filter the water before it gets to our homes. However, it sometimes still has an odor or taste that makes it unpleasant, which is where having a water filtration system installed in our homes comes in to play.

Before you purchase a water filtration system for your home here are these three normally unknown facts:

  • Each brand of water filtration system eliminates different specific contaminants.
  • Being “NSF Certified” does not guarantee any particular contaminant is removed.
  • There is a water filtration system that rely on a single type of technology and others rely on multiple technologies.

With these 3 facts in mind, we provide you ten different water filtration system methods:

1. Activated Carbon Filtering

This method uses chemical bonding with the water to remove contaminants. Some remove only chlorine and others remove more contaminants that could be harmful like lead and mercury. This type of water filtration system does not remove arsenic, fluoride, nitrates and other inorganic pollutants.

2. Distillation Filtering

This water filtration system vaporizes water after reaching an extraordinarily high temperature.  This is the oldest water purification method that is still used today. After reaching the set temperature, the condensed vapor then becomes drinkable water after it has removed chemicals, microorganisms, and minerals. It does not volatile organic chemicals like chlorine.

3. Deionization Filtering

Deionization filters remove electrically charged ions and salts with an Ion exchange in your water. If there aren’t electrical charges in the contaminant,  they are removed with this water filtration system. These filters will not remove living organisms, such as viruses and bacteria.

4. Ion Exchange Filtering

The technology of the Ion exchange water filtration system uses a resin to supplant harmful ions with less harmful ions, typically used to soften water because it used sodium to replace calcium and magnesium. The resin requires recharging with the replacement of harmless ions in order to work for an extended period.

5. Reverse Osmosis Filtering

Reverse osmosis is a water filtration system that performs by transferring water via a semi-permeable membrane, stopping harmful and larger molecules from entering. It does not remove larger contaminants like chlorine and other large molecules with this process but removes carbon and other contaminants.  

6. Mechanical Filtering

This type of water filtration system cannot remove chemical contaminants but can remove cysts and sediments through small holes. It is often paired with another filtration technology.

7. Ozone Filtering

Ozone is another water filtration system that is used with another technology to effectually kill large numbers of microorganisms but cannot remove chemicals.

8. Carbon Block Filtering

Crushed carbon particles are the substance that carbon block filters are made from, and because they have a bigger surface area, they are more effective than other carbon-based filter types. They base the effectiveness of this water filtration system on the water flow rate.

9. Granulated Carbon Filtering

This water filtration system uses small grains of carbon and is less slightly less effective than the block-shaped filter described above. The speed of the water flow influences its effectiveness.

10. Water Softeners Filtering

Water softeners are a water filtration system that uses Ion exchange technology in order to reduce the amount of calcium and magnesium in the water. If the plumbing in your house has a history of accumulating mineral buildup, this is the perfect filter.

Is water filtration necessary?

By the time water has reached your home, it has been filtered. However, an additional water filtration system will improve the taste of the water by removing chlorine and other chemicals, and pesticide residues.

Are water filters a waste of money?

Tap water isn’t as refreshing as you might think, and your nose and taste buds will confirm this for you. Even after your water municipality has filtered the water, there are often potentially harmful elements that come from your pipes. Installing a water filtration system can be beneficial as they can remove as much as 2,100 contaminants.

water filter installed on water pipe

Which water filter pitcher removes the most contaminants?

ZeroWater is the pitcher that provides water filtration is the best job at removing all the contaminants. It is NSF certified by Standard 53 in reducing chromium-6, lead, and mercury, and is a reasonably priced water filtration system for the home.

If you find yourself in need of a water filtration emergency, and there is not any bottled water, a thorough boiling will kill any pathogenic bacteria, protozoa, and viruses.  Thoroughly boiled water is water that has boiled for three minutes and allowed to cool naturally. If there is a flat taste to the water, adding one pinch of salt to a liter or a quart will remedy that. Water filtration can give you quality water for your home. Need water filtration in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA? Call Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services today at (570) 903-3199.

Can A Boiler Be Repaired?

boiler repair

How Much Does it Cost to Fix a Boiler?

If your boiler is acting up, it’s important for you to understand how much it will cost to repair it. Generally speaking, it costs about $373 dollars on average. The range varies, however. For instance, most homeowners spend between $185 and $590 for boiler repair. The reason why there is a wide range is that it depends on how difficult it is to access the boiler, the broken parts that must be replaced, and more. In some situations, homeowners have reported paying over one thousand dollars for the repair. The minimum fee for service is $150 to $300 dollars for the first two hours of labor.

Can a Boiler Be Repaired?

There are a number of very common boiler repairs that plumbers come across. The first common problem is kettling. When loud banging or rumbling that comes from the heating unit, it could be because there is a surplus of minerals in the water supply. With time, mineral deposits can change the pressure levels in the tank. This issue is described as kettling. If leaking or dripping water is coming from your boiler, it’s important for you to consider it a plumbing emergency. That’s because the boiler has likely started to corrode from inside, and will require replacement. The third problem common problem with boilers is pilot troubles. If you can’t light the pilot light on your own, you will need a heating technician to provide assistance. The final common problem is due to no heat coming from the boiler. There could be a lot of reasons for this problem, which is why it’s important to call a plumbing expert as soon as possible when this occurs.

Do Plumbers Repair Boilers?

If you need boiler repair, it’s important for you to find the right expert to administer treatment. While it is true that plumbers may be experienced in providing a wide range of plumbing services, not all of them are qualified to perform boiler repair. While many plumbers can refer to themselves as plumbers without official certifications, it’s important to only use a qualified and insured plumber who has many years of experience working with gas lines and gas services. Some plumbers are Gas Sage registered, however, this is not expected as a standard across the board. Regardless, education and experience should be at the forefront of your mind when selecting a boiler repair technician.

What Do You Call Someone Who Fixes Boilers?

As previously mentioned, the term ‘plumber’ is used to describe a person who handles a variety of plumbing problems. However, not all plumbers are equipped to handle boiler repair. In order to find a plumbing expert who handles boiler repair, please conduct an internet search of ‘boiler repair near me’. The search results will populate with a number of companies that can help with boiler repair. 

What Do They Do When They Service a Boiler?

If your boiler is in need of repair, you may be wondering how an expert performs that service. Please review the following bullet points to learn more.

  • Make sure that the boiler controls are working accurately.
  • Check the gas and pressure flow.
  • Investigate the internal main components.
  • Look over the flue and combustion releases.
  • Review the water and gas pipework.
  • Seek out the electrical connections.
  • Make sure that the seals on the boiler are intact.

Can’t Afford Boiler Repair

Boilers can be very expensive. If a gas boiler technician has deemed that it is no longer economical to repair your gas boiler, and advises that it be replaced, it’s important to know that you do have options. You can take out a personal loan to finance your boiler repair. Some of the larger gas boiler companies have a “buy now, pay later” option that is worthy of consideration. 

Boiler Repair and Insurance

Boiler insurance is a kind of insurance that generally covers repairs. In some instances, boiler insurance will even cover the cost of a gas boiler replacement. This insurance will also cover other parts of the central heating system, including the plumbing and electrics.

Boiler Repair and Care Plan

There are a number of different companies across the United States that provide heating system repair plans. Homeowners are advised to be aware that they are responsible for the repair and maintenance of any parts that keep their furnace functioning. With a repair and care plan, the hassle and cost of emergency repairs are eliminated.

boiler repair

New Boiler or Repair

Typically, repairing your boiler will cost less and be more efficient than purchasing a replacement boiler. This is especially true if your boiler is less than a decade old. If your boiler is well more than a decade old, it’s time to consider a consultation with your reliable, and objective boiler technician.

Your boiler repair must be handled with professionalism. Our staff at Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services are ready to assist. Please call us at (570) 903-3199. Discover more about how a boiler repair in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA can solve your heating problems!

Is a Yard Leak an Emergency?

leak detection services

Maintaining Your Home for the Long-Term

There is possibly no worse feeling than noticing spots and signs of a plumbing leak in your home. For many, they are able to find these leaks early enough that minimal, if any damage is done to their property. However, for some, they don’t find leaks until much later after a significant amount of damage has happened. If you are concerned about a plumbing or water leak on your property, contact Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services. We offer leak detection for Clifton Township and Scranton, PA homes. Call us at (570) 903-3199 to get started.

leak detection services in action

Signs of a Plumbing Leak

How do you know when you need leak detection and possible repair services? That’s a great question. More often than not, you’ll know when there is a leak in your home, however, it can be hard to differentiate leaks from general wear and tear. Here are a few things to look for in and around your home to determine if you have a plumbing leak. 

  • Mold: Inside your home, a clear indication of a leak is mold. This happens because moisture is getting trapped and there is little to no circulation. In turn, mold develops causing damage and risking your health and safety. 
  • Soft Spots: If you suspect a leak in your walls or foundation, check for soft spots. These are areas that, when you press on them, they give a little. This is very concerning for areas where there should be no give or movement. 
  • Bubbling Paint/Dark Spots: Sometimes you may notice dark spots forming on your ceiling or paint bubbling near the corners. These are indications of a leak or at least of excessive moisture. 
  • Bad Smells: Often when there is a leak, you can tell because of the foul smell or odor. This is usually because of mold, but there is also a musty odor associated with leaks. If you are smelling that indoors or in certain areas of your property, there may be a leak. 
  • Sunken Areas: Outside, pay attention for sunken land or even sinkholes. These form because the ground is soft and waterlogged, it collapses in on itself. This is dangerous for a number of reasons and needs to be corrected as soon as possible. 
  • Water Ponding: When there is a leak underground, water may pond or pool around the leaking area. You’ll be able to see this when or if the water doesn’t naturally drain away. If you do notice water pooling, contact a plumber as soon as possible. 

So, how much does leak detection cost? The final price for this kind of service varies based on a number of factors. If there is a leak inside your home, the price may be similar to a roof flashing repair service. However, if your leak is outside or you need leak detection on water mains and lines, that price will more than likely be higher. 

How Accurate is Leak Detection, Really?

Leak detection is quite accurate, regardless of the method of choice. When trying to find a leak you can read the water meter, use food coloring, utilize electronic equipment and more. But what causes pipes to leak? That comes down to a number of things. It could be old age, tree roots, clogs, frozen/burst pipes, and so on. Because there are a variety of causes for plumbing leaks, it’s important to talk to a plumber about what is going on. This is because, if you need clogged drain repair, you more than likely won’t need leak detection services. It can be pretty obvious what the problem is. Still, there can be issues that will require additional services and leak detection. Either way, make sure to discuss your options with a licensed plumber. For that, rely on Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How much does leak detection cost? 
    • The final cost will depend on a number of factors. How far out the leak is, the type of leak, and what type of equipment is needed. Generally speaking, though, homeowners should budget between $75 and $350. 
  • How does plumbing leak detection work?
    • There are different methods for finding leaks. Electronic leak detectors use sound to find the leak. The detection device picks up on specific sounds that are unique to the system of plumbing. If there is a leak, it will be able to locate where it is occurring in your pipes.
  • How do I find a leak in my plumbing?
    • One of the most effective ways of finding a leak yourself is to check the water meter. There is a dial on the meter that will indicate if there is a leak before or after the meter. That will determine if you or the city is responsible for repairing it.
  • How do you know if you have a water leak underground?
    • The main indication of underground leaks is water ponding. If you are noticing water that isn’t draining from certain spots, you likely have a leak. When it comes to your slab or foundation, look for perpetually wet or soft spots. This could possibly mean a slab leak.
water line issue needing leak detection

Call Us Today to Schedule an Appointment

Ready to start repairing and maintaining your home? If so, contact Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services about leak detection in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA. We’re available now at (570) 903-3199. 

How Does Water Filtration System Work?

Hand Pouring A Glass of Tap Water

Learn More About A Water Filtration System

A water filtration system is a great way to make an effort in providing for the health of occupants while also adding to the value of the home. Essentially a water filtration system will incorporate a number of filters in order to provide for the overall protection of bacteria and other contaminants that come from the greater water line. A water filtration system can come in different styles and models so be sure to do your research if you’re interested, the help of a professional is a great way to find the system that’s right for you. Until then here is some helpful information regarding a water filtration system for your consideration.

Water Filtration System vs Water Softener

A water filtration system differs from a water softener. Essentially a water softener will only switch out the minerals that make water hard and causes scale. Basically, these minerals are switched out for sodium. A water filtration system will do a more thorough job in water taste and contaminant removal as water softener won’t really purify water in the end.

Does water filtration systems increase home value?

A water filtration system can increase the value of your property since water purification efforts will make selling a home more favorable. 

How much does it cost to install a water filtration system?

A water filtration system can cost from as low as $50 (with under the sink water filtration) and a higher than $1000 (with whole house water filtration. That being said under the sink filters cost around $50-$300 while whole house water filtration systems cost between $300-$1,000 and more.

How long does a whole house water filter last?

A whole house water filter will differ in life expectancy based on the tank capacity. An FB300 tank, for example, should last about 3 years or 300,000 gallons. An FB1000 should have their tank replaced every 10 years or every 1,000,000 gallons. 

Filters for Drinking Water Purification Isolated on White Background

What Is The Best Water Filtration System

  • Best Overall: Home Master TMAFC Artesian Full Contact Undersink Reverse Osmosis Water Filter System
  • Runner Up: iSpring 6-Stage Under Sink Reverse Osmosis Drinking Water System
  • Best Budget: Filtrete Maximum Under Sink Water Filtration System

What is the best whole house water filtration system?

The best whole house water filtration system may very well be a three-point system that incorporates a prefilter, middle filter, and third filter. How a water filtration system work is that the preliminary filter will get rid of larger sediments like silt before going into a secondary filter which removes most of the contaminants in the water down to the smallest micron. A third filter can be a polishing touch that can remove any remaining contaminants. Sometimes UV lights are used to kill certain bacteria.

Which water filter removes the most contaminants?

The water filter that will remove the most contaminants is some kind of reverse osmosis system. These systems are secondary filters yet can be used as a stand-alone as they target the minuscule contaminants that can’t be gotten from typically primary filters that only catch large sediments.  

What happens if you don’t change water filter?

If you don’t change your water filter as recommended than your water quality won’t be as clean as it is supposed to be as filters will be clogged or dirtied. 

Is water filtration necessary?

Water filtration is essential and necessary as there are multiple toxins and chemicals that are far greater than you may know. The water in your property comes through from municipal main water lines and although they originate from water treatment facilities there are still contaminants that can be picked up along the way. Some examples that are present in tap water are chloramines, lead, pesticides, mercury, chlorine, and fluoride. What’s more these contaminants can run the risk of developing health concerns as well as impede child development. In order to ensure the health of occupants who use your water from drinking, laundry, shower and more a water filtration system may be able to right for you. 

Contact A Professional For Assistance

Make sure that your water filtration system will match your needs with the help of a professional. Just as you can find a  roofer in Luzerne, PA you’ll be able to find a water filtration system in Clifton Township, PA that will be right for you. A water filtration system is long-lasting and a great way to up the value of your home. It’ll have occupants interacting with healthier water which is great for both short term and long term health. It is essential for the environment and comes in many different options according to your set up preferences and more. Get in touch with a water filter expert today to get started on improving your home.

If you’re interested in a water filtration system in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA call (570) 903-3199 with Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services! 

How Do I Stop My Plumbing From Leaking?

Plumbing Leaks Under Sink

Pesky Leaks and Plumbing Issues You Have to Deal With

Owning a home comes with a multitude of responsibilities. As many will attest, it is easy to forget about the plumbing in your home because you often don’t see it. The out-of-sight, out-of-mind mentality comes into play. At least, until, something bad happens. It seems many don’t always notice their plumbing until something is going wrong or causing an inconvenience. Generally speaking, those inconveniences are almost always leaks. When you’ve got questions and concerns about plumbing leaks in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA, give Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services a call at (570) 903-3199

Burst Pipe Causing Plumbing Leaks

What Causes Plumbing Leaks

Before you get into figuring out how to stop plumbing leaks, you have to understand what causes them in the first place. Once you know the cause, then you can make leak repair in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA plans accordingly. 

  • Foundation or Ground Shifts: The majority of the plumbing on your property is underground or under the foundation slab. When there are significant shifts in the ground, it can cause pipes to misalign and result in leaks. 
  • High Water Pressure: When the water pressure coming into your plumbing is too high, it can result in significant wear and tear on your pipes. This means that you may experience leaks and damages more often. 
  • Corrosion: High water pressure can also wreak serious havoc on your pipes if they are older and corroded. The older your plumbing is, the more likely it is to break down and leak. 
  • Tree Root Infiltration: Another problem homeowners tend to see is tree root infiltration. This happens when tree roots grow around and even into the pipes on your property. The roots can shatter or rupture those pipes cause damage and leaks to occur. 
  • Temperature Changes: The other issue that many homeowners face is when the temperatures change. If you don’t properly turn the water off, it can freeze in the pipes and ultimately burst them causing leaks, water damage, and more. 

Knowing what is causing the problem is the first step to determining the best course of action. When you have questions about leak detection, plumbing repair, or anything else, reach out to Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services. We can help you with any plumbing issue you may be having.

And How to Detect a Plumbing Leak

There are several things to look for if you are suspicious of a plumbing leak in your home. There are, of course, obvious signs such as warped or bubbling hardwood floors, however there are a few other things to pay attention to as well. 

  • Check Water Meter: The fastest and possibly most efficient way to detect a leak is through the water meter. Start by turning the water source off. Then look at the meter, which will have a gauge to tell if there is a leak or not. 
  • Monitor Bills: If you aren’t sure about the water meter or you don’t know how to read it, take a look at your water bills. If the bills appear higher than usual, there may be a leak somewhere in the plumbing or in the water line. 
  • Food Coloring: You can always get creative if you suspect a leak and use food coloring. This is best used for fixtures like the toilet, which can actually account for 30% of your water usage. Drop a few drops of coloring into the tank, wait about 10 minutes, then check the bowl. If there is color, there is a leak. 

Of course, everyone wants to know, “Are plumbing leaks covered by insurance?” That question has a yes and no answer. Yes, damages that result from a leak are often covered by insurance. So if those hardwood floors in your home are damaged by a burst pipe, insurance will pay to repair the floor. But the answer is also no because insurance will likely not pay for damage to a pipe. Damaged plumbing is often considered general wear and tear and therefore the responsibility of the homeowner to maintain. There are, of course, circumstances where that may not be the case, but more often than not, a leaking pipe itself will not be covered.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • How much does it cost for a plumber to fix a leak?
    • The final cost will depend on where the leak is, how extensive the damage is, and what needs to be done in terms of repair. That being said, homeowners should expect to pay between $45 and $500 for leak repair. 
  • Can plumbers detect leaks?
    • If you are not able to find the leak on your own or with the water meter, then you can contact a plumber. Most plumbers have leak detection equipment that kind find problems that are hard to see. 
  • How do you find a small water leak?
    • Just like if you were looking for a larger leak, turn the water off and check the water meter. If you still can’t see or find the leak, then you might want to contact a plumber for assistance. 
  • How do I find a plumbing leak?
    • Start by turning off the water source to your home and checking the water meter. There is a gauge on the meter that will indicate if the water is not efficiently entering or leaving your property plumbing.
  • What causes pipes to leak?
    • A variety of problems can cause your pipes to leak. Old age or corrosion, misaligned joints, tree root infiltration, burst or frozen pipes. Really, there are a whole host of reasons why the pipes or plumbing in your home might leak.
Repairing Plumbing Leaks

Call Our Team Today for an Appointment or More Information

If you’ve got a plumbing concern or even a plumbing leak in Clifton Township and Scranton, PA, rely on Freedom Flow Plumbing and Heating Services for help. Dial (570) 903-3199 to schedule an appointment today. 

Kitchen Remodeling 101

Kitchen remodeling is big right now, because, for many, the kitchen is much more than a space for cranking out meals. It is the hub of the home.

It’s a unique domain where the family occasionally come together to dine and banter. Remodeling your kitchen has the potential to take those special family moments to a whole new level.

Even if you’re looking to only change the countertop, upgrade the cabinets or do a total overhaul of the space, kitchen remodeling is a huge and daunting task. It has a lot of moving parts that need close attention if you want to get a beautiful outcome.

Kitchen remodeling and design is not a project to be approached randomly. You will need a well thought out plan to beautifully and cost-effectively execute it. In this article, we will be showing you awesome kitchen remodel ideas, together with important things to consider when remodeling a kitchen. 

If you apply these tips, you will create that kitchen that you have always dreamed of.

Benefits of Remodeling Your Kitchen


Renovating a kitchen rewards a homeowner beyond the new beauty that it brings. As a homeowner, when you remodel your kitchen, you also stand to gain a whole lot of other tangible benefits. Below are some of them:

  • Reduced energy cost: Upgrading electrical appliances is a big part of kitchen remodeling. As you swap old appliances for more recent ones (that are energy efficient), you will get to save money on electrical bills.
  • Improved Safety:  Adding certain features can make your kitchen a safer place. For example, decluttering a kitchen while remodeling it will negate hidden dangers sharp knives and other pointed objects.
  • Comfort: Apart from the safety aspect of things, de-cluttering your kitchen during a remodeling project makes it more comfortable to move around in. This action enhances the look as well.
  • Contemporary Looks: When you remodel your kitchen, you make the looks consistent with present-day look and feel. Looks aside, keeping your kitchen up-to-date with the latest trend and design can add to the real estate value of your home as a whole. 

How often should you remodel your kitchen to keep up with the latest trend? It depends on factors such as how up-to-date you want your kitchen to look and your financials. However, experts recommend every 10 to 15 years.

What to Consider When Remodeling a Kitchen

As stated earlier, kitchen remodeling is a big and sensitive project that needs good planning. Before scouring the internet for ideas, and browsing through your local decor shop for fittings, here are some essential things to put into consideration:

  • Budget: It’s not by chance that we mentioned this first. Weighing the likely total cost of the project is an excellent point to start, and often, the most daunting. The numbers can very quickly run into the six-figure range. So, it is good practice to enlist the help of a local realtor to estimate the added value that a new kitchen will give to your home. 
  • Get budgeting hints from remodeling websites and magazines. Then consider doing some of the work yourself to save money. Giving your cabinets and other small items a facelift, rather than getting new ones, is another way to save some coins.
  • Styles: Before you begin the kitchen remodeling project, scour the internet, look through kitchen magazines, and take note of the kitchen design of friends. Doing this will give you design inspirations and better help you compute the likely cost to achieve your dream outcome. 
  • Appliances: you have to factor in the new appliances you might be needing to get into the bigger picture. Getting bigger and heavier appliances will mean additional floor reinforcement during the reconstruction to support the weight. A new dishwasher might mean additional wiring. All of which will affect your overall budget.
  • Examine the space: you need to consider how much of real estate you have in your present kitchen. Doing that will decide the flexibility of the project. Experts advise sticking to the existing layout to save money and make the project simpler. If you need more space, you can swap out furniture or appliances that you rarely use, for new ones that you’re prone to use.

What is the Average Kitchen Remodel Cost?

how much does kitchen remodeling cost

The average cost to remodel a kitchen depends on a wide array of factors. The most important of them being your desired design; choice of appliance and new fittings; and space required.

Also, choosing to refit your kitchen to the highest standards will gulp more money than say replacing just a few cabinets or adding a few, small appliances. 

According to, the average kitchen remodeling project costs from $13,000 to $33,000. HomeAdvisor puts the median cost at $21,751.

It is also stated that on the lower end of the spectrum, you can conservatively remodel a kitchen on a tight budget of $4,000, while a lavish project might gulp as much as $50,000.

In What Order Do You Remodel a Kitchen?

How do I prepare my kitchen for remodeling? What are the steps involved? In what order should I proceed? 

These are some of the questions most homeowners have when they start thinking of remodeling their kitchen. In this section, we get to answer all those questions.

Below are the steps and the right order to prepare your kitchen for remodeling, and also to effectively execute the project:

  • Pen down your vision
  • Calculate the budget
  • Contract a professional
  • Begin the process – demolition first
  • Map out the location for electrical/appliance outlets and fittings
  • Begin mechanical fittings – HVAC, plumbing, wiring, etc.
  • Install insulation, drywall, and begin flooring
  • Begin installing counters and cabinets
  • Finishing touches – lighting fixtures, wall painting, etc

These are the steps to follow to remodel a kitchen efficiently. 

How Long Will a Kitchen Remodel Take?

Well, it depends on how big you want to go with the project. But on the average, it takes anywhere from four to eight weeks. There is absolutely no need rushing a kitchen remodeling project if you want the best outcome.


Have you always dreamed of a better looking, more functional kitchen with a modern look? Then it is about that time you consider remodeling your kitchen. You can as well get a deck construction to thrill your family and friends to the sumptuous meals that come out of your new kitchen.

Before you begin the project though, ensure you note down your dream looks, work out your budget, and contract a professional to help you execute the project.