What is the water filtration process?

water filtration system

Keeping your water clean

Water filtration is the procedure of reducing and removing the absorption of particulate matter found in contaminated water. The purpose of this is create clean, safe water by getting any algae, bacteria, fungi, parasites, suspended particles, and other objectionable biological and chemical contaminants out of the water. This makes it safe for ingestion by humans for drinking, medical needs, and pharmaceutical applications.

So, then what is the difference between water filtration vs purification? While water filtration does reduce and remove many things we don’t want to consume, water purification removes more and smaller pollutants and toxins, Water purification relies on a process that is more comprehensive than passing water through a permeable surface which is what water filtration does.

What is in a water filtration system?

A water filtration system is an efficient and guaranteed method of removing harmful contaminants like bacteria and heavy metals from your water. It doesn’t use electricity and doesn’t waste water during the process. A water filtration system can be specialized for particular water issues like elevated chlorine, fluoride, or high sediment levels so that it improves the health of those consuming and using the water.

Most contaminants that are found to be harmful are carbon based. To combat that, many water filtration systems utilize an activated carbon that inhibits the microscopic unwanted toxins from entering the drinking water. 

Why is filtration of water important?           

We learn early on that water is important to the body, with approximately 60% of the body being water, many of our essential bodily functions rely on water. Water flushes our body of toxins, regulates our body temperature, and protects our body tissues and joints. Water is essential to our spinal cord health and riding our body of  chemical. 

While boiling water can kill many bacteria and germs so that it is safe for consumption, it still doesn’t get rid of any new age contaminants like dangerous chemicals and pesticides that get into the water sources today. Because we need water for our bodies and tap water today isn’t as safe as we would like it to be is why water filtration is important because it removes many of those things that are harmful to the human body. 

Are water filtration systems worth it?

If you’re considering having a water filtration home system for your home but you aren’t sure it is worthwhile, consider the fact that there are moderate levels of contamination in the water that comes from environmental pollution and industrial disposals. If your home is in a rural area and you’re on a water well system, your water has a bigger chance of being contaminated than city filtered water. 

There are many different shapes, sizes, and styles of water filters. One factor that will determine which water filtration system is the best. Some water filtration options to consider when making this decision are: 

  • Carafe filters, aka pour through filters,  are inexpensive and the simplest water to use. Simply insert inside a pitcher and put the pitcher in the refrigerator.  The downside to this type of water filtration is the short lifespan and the limit of water it filters, (one pitcher at a time).
  • Faucet-mounted water filtration fits directly on the faucet, a minimal amount of installation. The downside is the water flow is slowed down and they don’t fit every type of faucet.  
  • Countertop filters are great for water filtration in large amounts and don’t require any plumbing modification. They aren’t likely to get clogged, but the downside, they do take up counterspace and  like the faucet-mount type of water filtration system, you can’t fit them to every type of faucet.  
  • Plumbed-in filters are usually installed under the sink and plumbed-in to the existing faucet. This requires some drilling in the countertop or installing a separate tap. This filtration system is great for large amounts of water needs and won’t clutter the counter or require alteration to the existing faucet.  A drawback for many is the cabinet space require and some plumbing modifications are needed.
  • A whole-house water filtrations system is directly in the water main. It filters all the water entering the house and have a long life expectancy to remove chlorine, rust, and sediment. Downside to this type of water filtration, professional contractor required to install the unit and there are many contaminants it does not remove.
filter and glass of water

What are the types of water purification?

When bottled water is available and the water you have is contaminated, here are four water purification ways you can use.  

  • Boiling: Cheap and safe and with three minutes of rolling boil, it will remove most germs and parasites. 
  • Filtration: Water filtration is an effective way to purifying water and will remove most compounds  and dangerous contaminants that can cause diseases. 
  • Distillation: This method of water purification method uses heat to create a vapor and  collect pure water from that vapor. 
  • Chlorination: This powerful chemical has been around for years and used for water treatment in the home. An effective water purification that kills disease causing organisms,  germs, and parasites.

Today, in the United States, we have the safest water, and there are water treatment steps that make it safe. What are the 4 steps of water treatment?

  • Coagulation and Flocculation: A positive charge is added to the water by chemical additives that neutralizes the negative charge from dirt and other particles dissolved in the water. 
  • Sedimentation: The floc that settles at the bottom because of its weight is the sedimentation.
  • Filtration: After the floc has settled, the clear water left on top passes through various composition of filters like charcoal, gravel, and sand, each of different pore sizes. This removes any dissolved particles.
  • Disinfection: Once the water has bone through that water filtration process, chlorine or chloramine, disinfectants, are added to kill any remaining bacteria, parasites, and viruses.

Even with these four steps, additional water filtration is recommended to remove possible contamination that finds its way into the water sources.  While the government does everything it can to protect our water sources, additional step at home is nothing more than a level of insurance to your family’s health. Call (570) 903-3199 today.